Radio navigation in Italy in the 1950s

Radiofari in Italia negli anni '50 (NDB, Range, ILS)

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

The following list contains the aeronautical radio beacons that were active in Italy in the mid of the 1950s. All information is outdated and may not be used for navigational purposes.

At this time predominantly Non-Directional Beacons (NDB) were used. Occasionally there were still Ranges. The first VORs were put into operation.

Radio beacons and airways in 1955

Radio beacons Genoa, Aviano, Venice
Northern part Genoa, Aviano, Venice (Source: DoD)
Radio beacons Turin, Milano Linate and Malpensa airport
Turin and Milano with Linate and Malpensa airport (Source: DoD)
Radio beacons Pisa, Florence, Sardinia
Pisa, Florence, Sardinia (Source: DoD)
Radio beacons Rome
Rome (Source: DoD)
Sardinia with Cagliari Elmas airport
Sardinia with Cagliari Elmas airport (Source: DoD)
Radio beacons Naples, Bari, Brindisi
Naples, Bari, Brindisi (Source: DoD)
Radio beacons Sicily
Sicily (Source: DoD)

Explanations

Abbreviations

approx.approximately
ILSInstrument Landing System(Approach and landing aid)
IMInner MarkerMarker beacon just in front the runway
kHzKilohertz(Unit for frequency)
LLocatorNon-directional beacon for the approach
LMMLocator Middle MarkerCombination of Middle Marker and Locator
LOMLocator Outer MarkerCombination of Outer Marker and Locator
mMeter(Unit for length)
MHzMegahertz(Unit for frequency)
MMMiddle MarkerMarker beacon, usually about 1 km from the runway
NDBNon-directional beaconNon-directional beacon on long or medium waves
NMNautical Miles(Unit for length)
OMOuter MarkerMarker beacon, usually about 7 km from the runway
SBAStandard Beam ApproachApproach system, Lorenz system, predecessor of the ILS
THRThresholdRunway threshold (most often with number of runway)
VORVHF Omnidirectional Radio Range
WWatt(Unit for power)
WGS84World Geodetic System 1984(geospatial reference system, GPS coordinates)

Directory


For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Alghero: Airport (Aeroporto di Alghero-Fertilia "Riviera del Corallo")


Alghero: NDB (ItAF)
N4039 E00817 (approx.) Google Maps
ILG, 248 kHz

Amendola (Aeroporto di Amendola, Luigi Rovelli)


Amendola: NDB (ItAF)
N4133 E01542 (approx.) Google Maps
KN, 381 kHz

Aviano: Air Base (Base aerea di Aviano)


Aviano: NDB (USAF)
N4558 E01229 (approx.), 050°/5.4 NM to field Google Maps
NM, 390 kHz, 150 W
Operated from sunrise to sunset.

Bari: Airport (Palese Macchie, Aeroporto di Bari-Palese "Karol Wojtyla")


Bari: NDB (ItAF)
N410807 E0164650 (WGS84, transf.) Google Maps
KU, 321 kHz, 35 W

Bolzano: Airport (Aeroporto di Bolzano Dolomiti)


Bolzano: NDB (ItAF)
N4630 E01120 (approx.) Google Maps
KB, 245 kHz

Brindisi: Airport (Casale, Aeroporto di Brindisi-Casale, Aeroporto del Salento)


Brindisi: NDB
N4039 E01752 (approx.), 085°/3.1 NM to field Google Maps
ILI, 363.5 kHz, 250 W
Former frequency 369 kHz.
Brindisi: VOR
N4105 E01606 (approx.) Google Maps
IKA, 113.2 MHz

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Cagliari: Airport (Aeroporto di Cagliari-Elmas "Mario Mameli")


Cagliari/Elmas: NDB
N3913 E00906 (approx.), 322°/2.3 NM to field Google Maps
ILE, 275 kHz, 1200 W

Caraffa di Catenzaro: NDB
N3853 E01629 (approx.) Google Maps
INZ, 376 kHz, 1000 W
Caraffa di Catenzaro: VOR
N3845 E01622 (approx.) Google Maps
INZ, 114.4 MHz

Castel Leone: NDB
N4518 E00946 (approx.) Google Maps
ILY, 354 kHz

Catania: Airport (Fontanarossa)


Catania: NDB
N3728 E01500 (approx.) Google Maps
MC, 261 kHz, 250 W

Civitavecchia: NDB
N4202 E01150 (approx.) Google Maps
INR, 265 kHz

Comiso: Airport (Comiso Air Base, Aeroporto di Comiso)


Comiso: NDB (civ)
N3700 E01436 (approx.) Google Maps
NT, 368 kHz
Operates occasionally on request from Airline direct to Comiso. Request 15 minutes prior notice.

Elba: NDB
N4244 E01014 (approx.) Google Maps
INE, 360 kHz

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Ferrara: NDB
N4449 E01137 (approx.) Google Maps
LF, 285 kHz, 50 W
Operated from sunrise to sunset. On test.

Florence: Airport (eroporto di Firenze-Peretola "Amerigo Vespucci")


Firenze: NDB
N4347 E01113 (approx.) Google Maps
LU, 397 kHz, 250 W

Frosinone: Air Base (Aeroporto di Frosinone)


Frosinone: NDB (ItAF)
N4139 E01317 (approx.) Google Maps
ILH, 371 kHz, 250 W
Operated continuously. On test.

Genoa: Flying Boat Station (Genova)


Genoa (civ)
N4424 E00858 (approx.) Google Maps
KJ, 318

Ghedi: Air Base (Aeroporto di Brescia-Ghedi)


Ghedi: NDB
N4522 E01022 (approx.) Google Maps
IKL, 289.5 kHz

Grottaglie: NDB
N4031 E01724 (approx.) Google Maps
KE, 349 kHz

Jesi: NDB
N4331 E01315 (approx.) Google Maps
IMK, 295 kHz

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Latina: Air Base (Aeroporto di Latina)


Latina: NDB (ItAF)
N4131 E01257 (approx.) Google Maps
ILT, 301.5 kHz

Lecce: Air Base (Aeroporto di Lecce-Galatina, Galatina Air Base)


Lecce: NDB (ItAF)
N4012 E01810 (approx.) Google Maps
LN, 315.3 kHz, 35 W

Lombardia: NDB
N4512 E00849 (approx.) Google Maps
IMT, 301.5 kHz
Lombardia: VOR
N4512 E00850 (approx.) Google Maps
IMT, 113.3 MHz

Lugo di Romagna: NDB
N4426 E01156 (approx.) Google Maps
INQ, 250 kHz

Milan: Linate Airport (Aeroporto di Milano Linate "Enrico Forlanini")


Runway 30:
Milan/Linate: Range (ItAF)
N4526 E00920 (approx.), 300°/3.6 NM to THR 30 Google Maps
LZ, 386 kHz
The four predefined courses of the Range were 030°, 120°, 210° and 300°.
Milan/Linate: NDB (ItAF)
N4526 E00921 (approx.), 300°/3.6 NM to THR 30 Google Maps
LY, 386 kHz, 50 W
Operated in case of Range failure.

Milan: Malpensa Airport (Aeroporto di Milano-Malpensa)


Runway 35:
Milan/Malpensa: ILS 35
MP, 109.9 MHz
Milan/Malpensa: Range/OM
N4535 E00845 (approx.), 354°/3.5 NM to THR 35 Google Maps
Range: MP, 364 kHz
Outer Marker: Dashes, 75 MHz
Former frequency 363 kHz. The four predefined courses to the Range were 084°, 174°, 264° and 354°. ILS Outer Marker operates as Z Marker.
Milan/Malpensa: NDB
N4535 E00845 (approx.), 354°/3.5 NM to THR 35 Google Maps
IMP, 364 kHz
Operated when Range is unservicable. Former frequency 363 kHz.
Milan/Malpensa: NDB
N453828 E0084236 (WGS84, transf.) Google Maps
MA, 261 kHz
In 1951.

Naples: Airport (Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino)


Napoli/Capodichino: Range
N4057 E01419 (approx.), 195°/4.2 NM to field Google Maps
LC, 315 kHz
Former frequency 390 kHz. The four predefined courses to the Range were 015°, 110°, 195° and 290°.
Runway 06:
Napoli/Capodichino: NDB
N4052 E01415 (approx.), THR 06 Google Maps
ILD, 390 kHz, 1000 W
Former frequency 363.5 kHz.

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Orbetello: NDB
N4226 E01113 (approx.) Google Maps
LO, 315.5 kHz

Bergamo: Airport (Orio al Serio)


Orio al Serio: NDB (ItAF)
N4539 E00951 (approx.) Google Maps
KS, 345 kHz, 35 W

Ostia: NDB
N4147 E01214 (approx.) Google Maps
WR, 321 kHz

Palermo: Airfield (Aeroporto di Palermo-Boccadifalco)


Palermo: NDB
N3806 E01319 (approx.) Google Maps
IKP, 355.5 kHz, 250 W

Pantelleria: Airfield (Aeroporto di Pantelleria)


Pantelleria: NDB
N3649 E01158 (approx.) Google Maps
LP, 289.5 kHz
Operated from dawn to dusk on request to Palermo.

Parma: NDB
N4449 E01017 (approx.) Google Maps
IKH, 354 kHz

Pavia: NDB
N4511 E00910 (approx.) Google Maps
KP, 301.5 kHz

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Pisa: Airport (San Giusto, Aeroporto Galileo Galilei)


Pisa/San Guisto: NDB (ItAF/USAF)
N4335 E01018 (approx.) Google Maps
IKI, 379 kHz
Pisa/San Guisto: Range
N4339 E01022 (approx.) Google Maps
KI, 279 kHz

Pomigliano: NDB
N4056 E01423 (approx.) Google Maps
IP, 408 kHz

Ponza: NDB
N4054 E01257 (approx.) Google Maps
SR, 285 kHz

Reggio Calabria: Airport (Aeroporto di Reggio Calabria, Aeroporto dello Stretto "Tito Minniti")


Reggio Calabria: NDB (civ)
N3804 E01539 (approx.) Google Maps
MR, 268 kHz, 35 W
Operated on request to Catania, from sunrise to sunset.

Rome: Ciampino Airport (Aeroporto di Roma-Ciampino "Giovan Battista Pastine")


Roma/Ciampino: VOR
N4147 E01228 (approx.) Google Maps
IME, 114.9 MHz
Runway 16:
Roma/Ciampino: ILS 16
CI, 109.9 MHz
Roma/Ciampino: Range/OM
N4151 E01234 (approx.), 158°/3.7 NM to field Google Maps
Range: KO, 255 kHz, 100 W
Outer Marker: Dashes, 75 MHz
The four predefined courses to the Range were 068°, 158°, 248° and 338°. Outer Marker is Z Marker for the Range.

Rome: Urbe Airfield (Aeroporto di Roma-Urbe)


Roma/Urbe: NDB (civ)
N4156 E01230 (approx.), 156°/8.8 NM to Roma/Ciampino Google Maps
IKO, 345 kHz
Former frequency 265 kHz.

Taranto: Flying Boat Station


Taranto: NDB (ItAF)
N4028 E01717 (approx.) Google Maps
KG, 345 kHz
Operated on request from sunrise to sunset.

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Terracina: NDB
N4119 E01310 (approx.) Google Maps
IIX, 338 kHz

Turin: Airport (Aeroporto di Torino-Caselle "Sandro Pertini")


Torino: NDB
N4507 E00739 (approx.) Google Maps
IMM, 392.5 kHz
Torino: NDB
N4511 E00739 (approx.) Google Maps
MM, 250 kHz
Operated on request.
Torino: ILS
MM, 109.5 MHz
On test.
Torino: OM
3.96 NM
Dashes, 75 MHz
Torino: MM
0.55 NM
Dots Dashes, 75 MHz

Treviso: Airport (Aeroporto di Treviso-Sant'Angelo)


Treviso: NDB
N4603 E01313 (approx.), 238°/2.5 NM to field Google Maps
KD, 371 kHz, 300 W

Udine: Airfield (Aeroporto di Udine-Campoformido)


Udine: NDB (ItAF)
N4603 E01313 (approx.), 238°/2.5 NM to field Google Maps
KD, 371 kHz, 300 W

Veneto: NDB
N4512 E01205 (approx.) Google Maps
ION, 316 kHz, 35 W
Veneto: VOR
N4512 E01205 (approx.) Google Maps
ION, 114.1 MHz

Venice: Lido Airfield (San Nicolò, Aeroporto di Venezia-Lido “Giovanni Nicelli”)


Venice: NDB (civ)
N4526 E01223 (approx.) Google Maps
LS, 379 kHz

Verona: Villafranca Airport (Aeroporto di Verona-Villafranca "Valerio Catullo")


Verona/Villafranca: NDB
N4519 E01047 (approx.) Google Maps
ILX, 306 kHz, 100 W

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

Vicenza: Airfield (Aeroporto di Vicenza "Tommaso Dal Molin")


Vicenza: NDB (ItAF)
N4533 E01131 (approx.) Google Maps
KV, 360 kHz
Operated from sunrise to sunset on request to Vicenza Tower.

Albenga: Villanova Airfield


Villanova: NDB
N4403 E00808 (approx.) Google Maps
MO, 268 kHz, 35 W
Operated from sunrise to sunset. On test.

Viterbo: NDB
N4226 E01204 (approx.) Google Maps
IMV, 327 kHz

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!

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